2014 Nurses Must Topic 4 Dq 2

Please write a paragraph with your opinion based on the text bellow. Please include citations and references in case you need to used for the question:

Some specific health problems that can be positively affected by regular exercise include: hypertension, diabetes, obesity, mental health, and arthritis. Hypertension can be significantly improved by incorporating thirty to forty-five minutes of aerobic exercise 5-7 times per week. Aerobic activities that are recommended for the middle-aged adult include: bicycling, walking, and swimming. Engaging in regular aerobic activity has been shown to decrease both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure (Dimeo, 2012). According to the CDC, 1 in 3 adults suffer from hypertension; with the incorporation of regular exercise, the prevalence of hypertension can be reduced (2016). Arthritis is another disease that middle-aged individuals deal with; patients who suffer from arthritis have shown improvement with the incorporation of regular exercise and activity. Previously, physicians would encourage patients with arthritis to rest their joints, but physical activity has been proven to reduce pain, increase function, and improve mood, mobility, and quality of life (CDC, 2016). Activities that should be encouraged in the middle-aged adult suffering from arthritis can include: yoga, tennis, and golf. Mental health has shown improvement with the incorporation of a regular exercise, due to the release of endorphins. Mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression have shown improvement through adding regular exercise into everyday life (Sharma, 2006). Patients who use physical activity in their daily lives have reported increased self-esteem, and is often used in the treatment plan of patients with depression (Edelman, 2014).

Nurses must promote physical activity in all patients, not just middle-aged adults, or patients who already are showing signs or symptoms of a disease process. Using the patient’s interests as a motivating factor is essential in achieving positive outcomes. Utilizing the patient’s interests will increase the likelihood that the patient will be motivated to engage in regular exercise and other activities and continue the routine into the future. Assessment of barriers and hesitation is also important when developing a plan of care for each individual patient.


Center for Disease Control (CDC) Physical Activity for Arthritis. (2016, October 26). Retrieved August 6, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/physical-acti…

Dimeo, F., Pagonas, N., Seibert, F., Arndt, R., Zidek, W., &Westhoff, T. H. (2012). Aerobic Exercise Reduces Blood Pressure in Resistant Hypertension. Hypertension, 60(3),653-658.

Edelman, C., Kudzman, E.C., & Mandle, C. L. (2014). Health Promotion throughout the life Span (8 th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

Sharma, A., Madaan, V., & Petty, F. D. (2006). Exercise for Mental Health. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 8(2), 106.


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